Simon d'Evreux de Montfort, Comte d'Evreux And Earl of Leicester
English statesman and soldier, born of an Anglo-French family in Normandy (Normandie), France. In 1229 he came to England from France, where two years later Henry III, king of England, confirmed his title and estates. He married Eleanor, the youngest sister of the king, in 1238. As a leader of the English barons, Montfort expressed their dissatisfaction with the arbitrary rule of the king. When Henry rejected the Provisions of Oxford, by which the barons had obtained a share in the government, Montfort took up arms; he captured the king in 1264 (see Barons' War). After his victory he established an assembly to assist the king's council; it included representatives of the gentry and the towns and is considered an ancestor to the later Parliament. The barons, however, became dissatisfied with Montfort, and he was killed in a battle against combined royal and baronial forces at Evesham on August 4, 1265. SOURCE: "Montfort, Simon de, Earl of Leicester," Microsoft® Encarta® Encyclopedia 2000. © 1993-1999 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
Malcom III, "Ceann Mor" ("Big Head" or "Great Chief"), King of Scotland
Defeated and slayed Macbeth in 1057, avenging his father's murder. Reigned as King of Scotland from 1058 to 1093, when he was ambushed and slain. In 1072 he took an oath of homage to William I, "The Conqueror", King of England.
Siward Bjornsson, Earl of Northumbria
A Danish warrior, he probably came to England with King Canute. At the behest of King Harthacanute in 1041 he ravaged Worcestershire and perhaps murdered Eadwulf of Northumbria; thereafter he was himself earl of Northumbria. He supported Edward the Confessor against Earl Godwin in 1051 and in 1054 defeated Macbeth, king of Scotland, on behalf of Siward's nephew, later Malcolm III. He governed northern England.